Sun 23-June-2024

Israel has attacked free speech by closing Al Jazeera’s Jerusalem bureau

Friday 10-May-2024

“Politics,” claimed the harsh, albeit successful, 19th century German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, “is the art of the possible, the attainable – the art of the next best.” To that we can add the stark awareness of being prudent, gingerly wise and appropriately cautious. And mind how you go in avoiding any foolishness along the way.

Going after media and news outlets while claiming to be a card-carrying member of the democracy club is far from prudent and more than a touch foolish, bound to make the critics croak and fellow members decry your actions. This is exactly what has happened in the context of Israel’s decision to shut down the Qatar-backed Al Jazeera’s Jerusalem bureau.

Israeli police raided the offices of the network at the Ambassador hotel in the occupied city on 5 May. According to Israeli Communications Minister Shlomo Karhi, equipment was seized in the raid.

Al Jazeera duly released a statement strongly condemning the “criminal act that violates human rights and the basic right to access of information.” The network went on to affirm “its right to continue to provide news and information to its global audiences.” The ban is far from watertight, though, as the channel remains accessible in Israel via Facebook.

The station has had a troubled relationship with the apartheid state. Sounding like paranoid family members who have imbibed a bit too much, accusations have frothed from various Israeli politicians that the network is a Hamas front.

Being “pro-Hamas” is now challenging “anti-Semitic” as the epithet of choice attached to critics of the Zionist state.

In a dubious badge of honor moment, the network’s name became associated with a law passed by the Israeli Knesset on 1 April.

The instrument authorizes the Minister of Communication, with the consent of the Prime Minister, to shut down foreign news outlets operating in Israel deemed to be a national security threat. This entails halting broadcasts by Israeli content providers, restricting access to the relevant provider’s website, shutting down transmitters in Israel and the seizure of devices used in supplying the channel’s content, including mobile phones. Betraying the Netanyahu government’s continued suspicion of the country’s judiciary and its procedures, the law shackles judges to stop them overturning such a decision, notwithstanding any belief that it should be overturned.

The dust had barely settled on the vote before Karhi revealed that plans had been hatched to shutter Al Jazeera’s operations in Israel on the grounds that it “promotes terrorism”. According to a statement from the Israeli Communications Ministry, “There will be no freedom of expression to Hamas mouthpieces in Israel.”

Akiva Eldar, a political scribe with Haaretz, suggested that the closing of the network was “a very populistic move to feed the beast of the public opinion that is very disappointed from the conduct of the government in Gaza and in the international arena.” The tail-end of the remark did little to stir convention, as the move was designed “to please [Netanyahu’s] partners from the radical right.”

The passage of the law prompted a High Court of Justice filing by the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI) on 4 April. The petition argued for the cancellation of “the temporary order allowing sanctions to be imposed on foreign broadcasting channels from Israel.” On 2 May, with rumors of imminent action against the Qatari broadcaster, the same organization sought an interim injunction, refused by the court, to instruct the government to refrain from issuing orders to a foreign broadcaster until the petition was decided. The ACRI had every reason to be disappointed with the ruling, given that Al Jazeera had been refused a prior right of plea and denied effective judicial review.

A further filing was made on 6 May to join a separate set of proceedings in the Tel Aviv District Court regarding the sanctions imposed on Al Jazeera, with the ACRI challenging the propriety of the administrative process involved and whether there was, in fact, a “real security risk” posed by the network.

The “Al Jazeera law” is not a singular instance of state repression regarding matters of free speech.

The signs point to a chronic ailing in the Israeli polity. Adalah, a Palestinian-run NGO advocating for the rights of Palestinians in Israel, has noted, by way of example, the “severe crackdown on the freedom of expression rights of Palestinian students seeking to suspend or even expel them for their posts on social media platforms.” The posts in question “vary widely, ranging from expressions of solidarity with the people of Gaza, to Qur’anic verses, to scathingly critical views of the Israeli military’s actions, to seemingly arbitrary content unrelated to Hamas or to the war.”

On 18 April, Israeli police officers, in all their intimidating glory, entered the home of Professor Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian in the Old City of Jerusalem. Shalhoub-Kevorkian, who holds the Global Chair in Law at Queen Mary University of London and a post at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, was subsequently detained for comments made the previous month on the Makdisi Street podcast.

Of particular interest to the authorities were comments purportedly calling for the abolition of Zionism and the uncontroversial call to halt the genocidal actions in Gaza. She was strip-searched, handcuffed and interrogated, and denied access to such necessities as food, water and medication for a number of hours. Her frigid cell also lacked blankets, while she was inadequately clothed. Her release on bail precipitated further interrogation sessions, with the police keen to tease out incriminating matters from previously published academic papers.

From targeting academics, activists and students, to drawing the covers over a network of renown, the Israeli state has made a vulgar statement against the role of free speech in “the only democracy in the Middle East”. Such creeping authoritarianism, however, shows itself to be one-eyed and, eventually, self-defeating. Ultimately, it is bound to trip itself up.

-Dr. Binoy Kampmark was a Commonwealth Scholar at Selwyn College, Cambridge. He currently lectures at Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) University. His article appeared in MEMO.

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